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Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Care instructions


​​​​Overview

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by a virus. COVID-19 symptoms are a lot like symptoms of the flu (influenza) or other respiratory illnesses. It can cause:

  • fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • trouble breathing
  • sore throat
  • runny nose

If you have any of these symptoms, you must self-isolate for at least 10 days after your symptoms started or until your symptoms are gone, whichever is longer.

Other symptoms can include:

  • stuffy nose
  • painful swallowing
  • headache
  • chills
  • muscle or joint aches
  • feeling unwell in general
  • feeling more tired than usual or having no energy at all
  • feeling sick to your stomach (nausea), throwing up, diarrhea (watery stool), or not feeling hungry
  • loss of sense of smell or taste
  • pink eye (conjunctivitis)

If you have any of the other symptoms, stay home and limit your contact with others until your symptoms go away.

Most people (about 80%) have only mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. But people who are very sick may need care in a hospital. In severe cases, COVID-19 can cause pneumonia, make it hard to breathe without help, and can even lead to death.

How does it spread?

This virus spreads person-to-person through droplets from coughing and sneezing. It may also spread by touching something that has the virus on it, such as a doorknob or a tabletop, and then touching your face.

How is it diagnosed?

The virus is diagnosed with a test that uses a swab of fluid from your nose or throat or sometimes uses sputum (phlegm) from the lungs. Other tests may be done, such as blood tests and CT scans of the lungs. But even if you don't have a test, you may be told you probably have the virus based on your symptoms and history.

If you think you have been exposed to COVID-19 and have symptoms, take the COVID-19 Self-Assessment.

Is there medicine for COVID-19?

There is no medicine to fight the virus. If you have mild symptoms, you can care for yourself at home. You can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for a fever or pain, if it’s safe for you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you’re not sure. Treatment in the hospital for more serious cases includes support, such as oxygen and help with breathing.

What should I do if I have COVID-19 or have symptoms of COVID-19?

If you’ve been diagnosed with COVID-19 or have symptoms of COVID-19, you must self-isolate for 10 days after your symptoms started and until your symptoms are gone (whichever is longer). This means you need to stay home and away from other people. To learn more visit www.alberta.ca/isolation.aspx.

Take the COVID-19 Self-Assessment to know if you need to be tested for COVID-19.

Call Health Link at 811 as soon as you have symptoms. Call ahead from home before going to a healthcare facility, such as a doctor’s office or walk-in clinic.

Call 911 if you are seriously ill and need medical help right away. Tell them that you may have COVID-19.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and keep all your healthcare appointments, and call your doctor or Health Link at 811 if you’re having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

Where can I learn more?

You can find the latest information about COVID-19 from these sources:

I have been diagnosed with COVID-19 or am self-isolating because I might have COVID-19. How can I care for myself at home?

 

  • Be safe with medicines. Take your medicines exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor or Health Link at 811 if you think you’re having a problem with your medicine.
  • Stay home. Don't go to school, work, or public places. Don't use public transportation (such as the bus or train). Leave your home only if you need to get medical care. Call ahead from home before you go to a doctor’s office. They can decide if in-person care or virtual care (such as a phone call or video call) is best for you. If you don’t have a family doctor, go to AlbertaFindADoctor.ca.
  • Wear a face mask if you have symptoms of COVID-19 and can’t stay away from other people, such as in your own home or when you’re going to get medical help. Wearing a mask can help stop the virus from spreading when you cough or sneeze.
  • Limit contact with people in your home. Only one healthy person should care for you. If possible, stay in a separate bedroom and use a separate washroom from everyone else in your home.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw it in the trash right away.
  • Wash your hands often, especially after you cough or sneeze. Use soap and water, and scrub for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have soap and water at the time, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Don't share personal household items. These include bedding, towels, cups, eating utensils, and electronic devices (such as tablets and phones).
  • Clean and disinfect your home every day. Use household cleaners and disinfectan​t wipes or sprays. Take special care to clean things that you grab with your hands. These include doorknobs, remote controls, phones, and handles on your refrigerator and microwave. And don't forget countertops, tabletops, washrooms, and computer keyboards.
  • Follow the advice you’ve been given about when it's safe to leave isolation. If you’re not sure, call Health Link at 811.

When should I call for help?

Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. Tell them you have COVID-19 symptoms.

For example, call if:

  • You have severe trouble breathing or severe chest pain.
  • You are very confused or not thinking clearly.
  • You pass out (lose consciousness).

Call your doctor or Health Link at 811 now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have new or worse trouble breathing.
  • Your symptoms are getting worse.
  • You start getting better and then get worse.
  • You have symptoms of dehydration such as:
    • having a very dry mouth
    • passing only a little urine
    • feeling very light-headed

Whether you have symptoms or not, call your doctor's office before you go. If you have symptoms, make sure you wear a face mask when you go to the doctor to help stop the virus from spreading.

For 24/7 nurse advice and general health information call Health Link at 811.

Current as of: June 1, 2020

Author: Adapted from Healthwise