Immunization protects you from disease.Get protected, get immunized.
This vaccine is given to some lab workers. It is also used for adults and children 2 years of age and older who are close contacts of people who carry and can spread typhoid bacteria. Talk to a public health nurse to find out if you qualify for typhoid vaccine for free.
Some travellers to a typhoid risk area should have this vaccine, but it is not free. Check with your health insurance provider as some plans may cover it.
People need 1 dose. A booster may be needed every 2 to 3 years. Check with your healthcare provider.
Yes. There are other vaccines which protect against typhoid and are commonly used for travellers. If you had another typhoid containing vaccine [e.g., oral typhoid vaccine; hepatitis A and typhoid combined vaccine (Vivaxim®)], you may not need this vaccine now. Check with your healthcare provider to find out when a booster is needed—some typhoid vaccines last longer than others.
The vaccine is about 50% effective in preventing typhoid. Protection weakens over time.
Food and water precautions are important for travellers to typhoid risk areas, even if they were immunized.
If you need the vaccine due to work (e.g., some lab workers), talk to your workplace health and safety department.
Anyone who is eligible for free vaccine, should contact the public health office in their area.
If you are travelling to a typhoid risk area, call a travel health clinic (e.g.,
AHS Travel Health Services) or speak to your doctor or pharmacist for immunization and advice about food and water precautions.
Reactions to the vaccine are usually mild and go away in a few days. They may include:
It is important to stay for 15 minutes after immunization because people can have a rare but serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis). If anaphylaxis happens, you will be given medicine to treat the symptoms.
Unusual reactions can happen. Call Health Link at 811 to report any unusual reactions.
You may not be able to have the vaccine if you:
You can be immunized if you have a mild illness (e.g., cold), even if you have a fever.
What it is
Who is most at risk
People who travel to South Asia or countries with poor sanitation have the highest risk of getting typhoid, especially:
People with certain health conditions (e.g., removed spleen) have a higher risk of severe illness.
How it spreads
Current as of: January 7, 2019
Author: Immunization Program, Alberta Health Services
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