Immunization protects you from disease.Get protected, get immunized.
The typhoid vaccine protects against typhoid fever caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. The typhoid vaccine given by injection (needle) is called TYVI.
This vaccine is given to:
Talk to a public health nurse to find out if you can get typhoid vaccine for free.
You may also benefit from the vaccine if you travel to an area that has a high risk of typhoid. If you’re getting the vaccine because of travel, it’s not free.
If you can’t get the vaccine for free, check with your health insurance provider to see if your plan covers the cost.
You need 1 dose. You may need another dose every 2 to 3 years. Check with your healthcare provider.
There are other vaccines that protect against typhoid. They’re commonly for travellers. If you had another typhoid vaccine, such as oral (you take it by mouth) typhoid vaccine or hepatitis A and typhoid combined vaccine (Vivaxim), you may not need this vaccine. Check with your healthcare provider to find out if you need another dose. Some typhoid vaccines last longer than others.
After you get this vaccine, protection is about 50%. Protection weakens over time.
If you travel to areas with a high risk of typhoid, you must be very careful with food and water even if you’ve had this vaccine.
If you need the vaccine because of your work (such as some lab workers), talk to your workplace health and safety department.
If you can get this vaccine for free, contact the public health office in your area.
If you’re travelling to an area that has a high risk of typhoid, contact a travel health clinic. You can also talk to your doctor or pharmacist about typhoid vaccine and how to be careful with food and water when you travel.
There can be side effects from the TYVI vaccine, but they tend to be mild and go away in a few days. Side effects may include:
It’s important to stay at the clinic for 15 minutes after your vaccine. Some people may have a rare but serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. If anaphylaxis happens, you will get medicine to treat the symptoms.
It’s rare to have a serious side effect. Call Health Link at 811 to report any serious or unusual side effects.
You may not be able to have the vaccine if you:
You can still have the vaccine if you have a mild illness such as a cold or fever. Always tell your healthcare provider if you have allergies or if you’ve had a side effect from a vaccine in the past.
What is typhoid fever?
Tyhpoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Symptoms include fever, cough, headache, weakness, poor appetite, stomach pain, constipation (trouble having a bowel movement) or loose stool (diarrhea), and sometimes a rash. Symptoms vary from mild to severe.
People with certain health conditions, such as no spleen, have a higher risk of serious illness.
How does it spread?
Typhoid spreads by infected urine or stool getting onto hands or into food and water, and then into the mouth.
Common foods that may spread typhoid include:
Current as of: October 28, 2020
Author: Provincial Immunization Program, Alberta Health Services
This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.