Get protected, get immunized.
This vaccine gets its name from the diseases it protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, and
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib).
Diphtheria is a nose and throat infection caused by bacteria. It spreads by coughing, sneezing, or having close contact with an infected person. It can cause trouble breathing or swallowing, heart failure, and
paralysis (not being able to move a part of your body).
One out of 10 people who get diphtheria will die.
Tetanus is a bacterial infection that causes uncontrolled movements (spasms) in the muscles of the jaw and other muscles of the body.
Tetanus bacteria are common in dirt, manure (animal stool), and human stool. They can get into the body through a cut on the skin or an animal bite. Tetanus can cause:
Tetanus infection is rare because there has been a vaccine since the 1940s. Most people have been immunized against it.
Pertussis is an infection of the airways caused by bacteria. It’s spread by coughing, sneezing, or having contact with an infected person. Pertussis can cause:
In rare cases, pertussis can lead to seizures, brain injury, and death.
Polio is an infection of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and nerves) caused by a virus. Most people don’t have symptoms but can still spread the disease. Polio can:
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a bacteria that can cause meningitis, which is a serious infection of the fluid and lining of the brain and spinal cord, blood, and other parts of the body.
Hib is spread by coughing or sneezing. It can lead to lifelong disabilities and death.
Children born before March 1, 2018, and who are under age 7 years can get this vaccine. Children who are age 18 months can also get this vaccine as an extra (booster) dose.
Older children and adults may need to get this vaccine again after a bone marrow transplant.
The number of doses you need depends on your age and why you’re having the vaccine. Children usually need 3 doses (the primary series) followed by booster doses of this vaccine or ones like it. Ask your healthcare provider how many doses you need.
To keep you protected, you’ll get booster doses with other vaccines that protect against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis when you’re a teen and when you’re an adult.
DTaP-IPV-Hib-HB protects against all of the same diseases as DTaP-IPV-Hib and includes hepatitis B. Children born on or after March 1, 2018, who are under age 2 years can get this vaccine.
After the primary series of the DTaP-IPV-Hib vaccine and a booster dose, the protection is:
It’s important to get booster doses because protection may weaken over time.
You can get the vaccine at a public health office in your area.
There can be side effects from the DTaP-IPV-Hib vaccine, but they tend to be mild and go away in a few days. Side effects may include:
It’s important to stay at the clinic for 15 minutes after your vaccine. Some people may have a rare but serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. If anaphylaxis happens, you will get medicine to treat the symptoms.
It’s rare to have a serious side effect after a vaccine. Call Health Link at 811 to report any serious or unusual side effects.
You may not be able to get this vaccine if you:
Check with your doctor or a public health nurse before you get the vaccine.
You can still get the vaccine if you have a mild illness such as a cold or fever.
Many adults and children are afraid of needles. You can do many things before, during, and after immunization to be more comfortable. Visit
Commitment to Comfort for tips to make immunization a better experience.
Current as of: July 4, 2022
Author: Provincial Immunization Program, Alberta Health Services
This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.