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Health Information and Tools > Health A-Z >  Diphtheria, Tetanus, Acellular Pertussis (Whooping Cough), Polio (dTap-IPV) Vaccine
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Immunization

dTap-IPV vaccine

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​​​​​​​​Immunization protects you from disease.
​​Get protected, get immunized.

  • Vaccines make your immune system stronger. They build antibodies to help prevent diseases.
  • Immunization is safe. It's much safer to get immunized than to get these diseases.​​

What is the dTap-IPV vaccine?

This vaccine gets its name from the diseases it protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and polio.

Who should have the dTap-IPV vaccine?

The vaccine is most often given as an extra (booster) dose to children who are age 4 years and have already had their first 4 doses of a diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and polio vaccine. Children get these first 4 doses in a vaccine that also protects against other diseases when they are babies. These 4 doses of the vaccine are called the primary series.

You may also get the dTap-IPV vaccine if you’re age 7 years and older and didn’t have the primary series of the vaccine as part of the routine schedule.

How many doses do I need?

Most children need 1 booster dose of the dTap-IPV vaccine at age 4 years.

Anyone age 7 years and older who hasn’t had all the doses in the primary series will need extra doses of the dTap-IPV vaccine. The number of doses you need depends on your age. Ask your healthcare provider how many doses you need.

Are there other vaccines that protect against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and polio?

DTaP-IPV-Hib is a vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Children born before March 1, 2018, who are under age 7 years get this vaccine as part of their primary series. Children also get this vaccine as a booster dose when they’re 18 months old.

DTaP-IPV-Hib-HB is a vaccine that babies get if they’re born on or after March 1, 2018. It protects against all of the same diseases as DTaP-IPV-Hib but also includes hepatitis B.

How well does the vaccine work?

After the primary series of tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, and polio vaccine and a booster dose of the dTap-IPV vaccine, protection is:

  • almost 100% for diphtheria, tetanus, and polio
  • about 90% for pertussis

It’s important to get booster doses because protection may weaken over time.

Where can I get the dTap-IPV vaccine?

You can get the vaccine at a public health office in your area.

Are there side effects from the dTap-IPV vaccine?

There can be side effects to the dTap-IPV vaccine, but they tend to be mild and go away in a few days. Side effects may include:

  • redness, swelling, bruising, itching, or feeling sore where you had the needle
  • feeling tired or getting upset easily
  • headache
  • fever or chills
  • body aches or sore joints
  • not feeling hungry or not wanting to eat (poor appetite)
  • feeling sick to your stomach (nausea), vomiting, stomach pain, or loose stool (diarrhea)
  • rash

It’s important to stay at the clinic for 15 minutes after your vaccine. Some people may have a rare but serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. If anaphylaxis happens, you will be get medicine to treat the symptoms.

It’s rare to have a serious side effect after a vaccine. Call Health Link at 811 to report any serious or unusual side effects.

How can I manage side effects?

  • To help with soreness and swelling, put a cool, wet cloth over the area where you had the needle.
  • There is medicine to help with fever or pain. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure what medicine or dosage to take. Follow the directions on the package.
  • Children under the age of 18 years should not take aspirin because it can cause serious health problems.
  • Some people with health problems, such as a weak immune system, must call their doctor if they get a fever. If you’ve been told to do this, call your doctor even if you think the fever is from the vaccine.

Who should not have the dTap-IPV vaccine?

You may not be able to have the vaccine if you:

  • have an allergy to parts of the vaccine
  • had a severe or unusual side effect after this vaccine or one like it

Check with your doctor or a public health nurse before you get the vaccine.

You can still have the vaccine if you have a mild illness, such as a cold or fever. Always tell your healthcare provider if you have allergies or if you have had a side effect from a vaccine in the past.

Facts about diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and polio

What is diphtheria?
Diphtheria is a nose and throat infection caused by bacteria. It’s spread by coughing, sneezing, or close contact with an infected person. It can cause trouble breathing or swallowing, heart failure, and paralysis.

One out of 10 people who get diphtheria will die.

What is tetanus?
Tetanus is a bacterial infection that causes uncontrolled movements (spasms) in the muscles of the jaw and other muscles of the body.

Tetanus bacteria are common in dirt, manure (animal stool), and human stool. They can get into the body through a cut on the skin or an animal bite. Tetanus can cause:

  • a condition called lock jaw where the mouth stays closed and can’t open widely
  • trouble breathing, seizures, and death

Getting tetanus is rare because there has been a vaccine since the 1940s. Most people have been immunized against it.

Go to the tetanus page on MyHealth.Alberta.ca to find out more.

What is pertussis?
Pertussis is an infection of the airways caused by bacteria. It’s spread by coughing, sneezing, or contact with an infected person. Pertussis can cause:

  • coughing spells that can last for months
  • a hard time eating, drinking, and breathing (especially for babies)
  • pneumonia

In rare cases pertussis can lead to seizures, brain injury, and death.

Go to the pertussis page on MyHealth.Alberta.ca to find out more.

What is polio?
Polio is an infection of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and nerves) caused by a virus. Most people don’t have symptoms but can still spread the disease.

Polio can:

  • lead to paralysis and death
  • spread through infected stool by getting onto hands or into food and water, and then into your mouth

More information

Current as of: August 6, 2020

Author: Provincial Immunization Program, Alberta Health Services