The Td vaccine protects against tetanus and diphtheria. It used to be given to adults who needed this protection because they didn't have their childhood immunizations or because they needed an extra (booster) dose.
Td vaccine is no longer available in Alberta.
diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (dTap) vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough).
Tetanus is a bacterial infection that causes uncontrolled movements (spasms) in the muscles of the jaw and other muscles of the body. Tetanus bacteria are common in dirt, manure (animal stool), and human stool. They can get into the body through a cut on the skin or an animal bite. Tetanus can cause:
Tetanus infection is rare because there has been a vaccine since the 1940s. Most people have been immunized against it.
Diphtheria is a nose and throat infection caused by bacteria. It spreads by coughing, sneezing, or having close contact with an infected person. It can cause trouble breathing or swallowing, heart failure, and paralysis (not being able to move a part of your body).
One out of 10 people who get diphtheria will die.
Current as of: July 21, 2022
Author: Provincial Immunization Program, Alberta Health Services
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