Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are also called bladder infections. UTIs are usually treated with antibiotics which kill germs (bacteria). Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics (they can't be killed by antibiotics anymore), so you should only use antibiotics when you have an infection. Because antibiotics can have side eﬀects and allergic reactions, they should only be used when you have a UTI.
You can have bacteria in your urine even if you don't have a UTI. This is common in older adults, and does not need to be treated with antibiotics unless there are symptoms.
The main symptoms of a UTI can include one or more of these symptoms:
Your healthcare provider will likely test your urine:
Your healthcare provider should
not test your urine:
In older people, changes in your mood, balance, or how much energy you have, are not usually caused by a UTI. Before you have a urine test for infection, your healthcare provider will look at other more common causes of health changes, like:
Current as of: September 30, 2020
Author: Pharmacy Services, Alberta Health Services
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