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Insemination for Infertility

Topic Overview

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the flushing of sperm directly into the uterus. This is done through a thin, flexible tube (catheter).

Artificial insemination (AI) is the placement of sperm into a woman's cervix or vagina. The sperm then travel into the uterus and fallopian tubes, where they may fertilize an egg.

See a picture of the female reproductive system.

These procedures:

  • Can be done with sperm from the male partner or a donor.
  • Are done during the most fertile part of a woman's cycle (ovulation).
  • Can be combined with superovulation treatment to increase the chances of conception. Superovulation uses medicine or hormones to promote multiple egg production.
  • Do not require surgery.

Insemination procedures can improve your chances of conceiving a pregnancy, especially when combined with superovulation treatment.

Credits

Current as of: October 8, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Anne C. Poinier MD - Internal Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Femi Olatunbosun MB, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology

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