Use the guidelines below to schedule routine vision checks and eye examinations with an ophthalmologist or optometrist.
The Canadian Pediatric Society recommends screening to detect lazy eye (amblyopia), misaligned eyes (strabismus), and defects in visual acuity in children younger than 5 years of age.footnote 1 For preschoolers with no vision problems and no family history of childhood eye problems:footnote 1
School-age children and teenagers with no vision problems should have their vision checked every 18 to 24 months.
Children and teenagers with nearsightedness or other refractive errors should have their vision checked at least once a year. Children with severe or rapidly worsening nearsightedness will need examinations more often.
Community Paediatrics Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society (2009, reaffirmed 2016). Vision screening in infants, children and youth. Paediatrics and Child Health, 14(4): 246-248. http://www.cps.ca/en/documents/position/children-vision-screening. Accessed March 10, 2017.
Other Works Consulted
American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Ophthalmology, et al. (2013). Screening examination of premature infants for retinopathy of prematurity. Pediatrics, 131(1): 189-195. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012.2996. Accessed April 20, 2016.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD, MPH - PediatricsAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerChristopher Joseph Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
Current as ofDecember 3, 2017
Current as of: December 3, 2017
John Pope, MD, MPH - Pediatrics
& Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Christopher Joseph Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
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