causes the death of thousands of children in certain areas of the world, especially sub-Saharan Africa. Young children are especially susceptible, because they have not yet developed any immunity to malaria. Immunity develops through repeated infections. The World Health Organization (WHO) is working to reduce the number of deaths. WHO encourages parents to seek prompt care and treatment, treat other health conditions, and use mosquito-proof bed nets.
If you intend to travel to an area where malaria is present, try to prepare for your trip several months in advance. Learn about the prevention and treatment of malaria in children. The most current information about your travel destination and the risk of malaria is available from:
It is important to review this information, have your child's immunizations up-to-date, and get any other shots required for your destination. Children are sometimes given the same antimalarial medicines as those given to adults to prevent malaria. The amount of medicine given to a child is based on the child's weight. Overdosage of antimalarial medicines can be fatal. Keep medicines in childproof containers out of reach of children, and give dosages exactly on schedule.
Some health conditions may prevent a child from taking certain medicines, and a less effective medicine may be prescribed instead. If your child is unable to take a highly effective medicine such as mefloquine or doxycycline, it may be best to avoid travel in chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum areas.
The Public Health Agency of Canada and the Committee to Advise on Tropical Medicine and Travel recommend the use of insect repellents containing DEET or icaridin (also called picardin or KBR3023) when travelling in areas where malaria is found. In Canada, DEET or icaridin should not be used on children under 6 months of age. But these agencies feel the risk from getting malaria outweighs the possible risk of a child having a reaction to DEET or icaridin. It is recommended that when travelling in areas where malaria is found 10% DEET or icaridin be used on children under 6 months of age. For older children follow the directions on the package. For more detailed information on preventing malaria, see the PHAC website: www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/12vol38/acs-dcc-3/index-eng.php.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerW. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
Current as ofMarch 3, 2017
Current as of: March 3, 2017
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
& Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
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