Behavioural training teaches people of all ages who have autism how to communicate appropriately. This type of training can reduce behaviour problems and improve adaptation skills.
Both behavioural training and behavioural management use positive reinforcement to improve behaviour. They also use social skills training to improve communication. The specific program should be chosen according to the child's needs. High-functioning autistic children may be enrolled in mainstream classrooms and child care facilities-watching the behaviour of other normally developing children can provide examples for autistic children to follow. But other children are overstimulated in a regular classroom and work best in smaller, highly structured environments.
Consistent use of these behavioural interventions produces the best results. The child's functional abilities, behaviour, and daily environment should be thoroughly assessed before behavioural training and management begins.footnote 1 Parents, other family members, teachers, and caregivers of the autistic child should all be trained in these techniques.
Many treatment approaches have been developed, including:
If you are interested in ABA or TEACCH, be sure to check to see if it is covered by your provincial health plan or private health insurance plan.
Myers SM, et al. (2007, reaffirmed 2010). American Academy of Pediatrics clinical report: Management of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5): 1162-1182.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - PediatricsThomas M. Bailey, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerFred Volkmar, MD - Child and Adolescent PsychiatryLouis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics
Current as ofMay 3, 2017
Current as of: May 3, 2017
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
& Thomas M. Bailey, MD - Family Medicine & Fred Volkmar, MD - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry & Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2017 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.