Hydrocephalus of the brain occurs when there is an imbalance in how much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is made and absorbed, or in how it flows. One way to classify this condition is by how the imbalance occurs. There are two main ways:
In very rare cases the brain tissue makes too much CSF and the body can't properly absorb or distribute the high amount of fluid. This is called overproduction hydrocephalus.
Cerebrospinal fluid sometimes builds up rapidly, such as with an injury, and can cause sudden and severe damage if not treated. Other times the fluid gradually accumulates and may not cause problems right away.
Types of hydrocephalus include:
With all types of hydrocephalus, early detection and treatment are important to minimize or prevent long-term problems.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - PediatricsDonald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family MedicineKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerChristian G. Zimmerman, MD, FACS, MBA - Neurological Surgery
Current as ofMay 4, 2017
Current as of: May 4, 2017
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
& Donald Sproule, MDCM, CCFP - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Christian G. Zimmerman, MD, FACS, MBA - Neurological Surgery
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2017 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.