A concussion, also called a mild traumatic brain injury, is a head injury caused by the brain being shaken around inside the skull after a direct blow to the head, or a sudden jerking of the head or neck when the body is hit. Your child didn’t have to pass out (lose consciousness) to have a concussion. Some children will have symptoms of a concussion, such as passing out or forgetting what happened right before the injury, but others won't.
Common causes of a concussion/mild brain injury are falls, sports, physical assaults, and motor vehicle collisions.
There is more risk of complications such as bleeding and/or swelling in the brain in the first 24 to 48 hours after the injury. However, complications can happen even weeks later.
Call 9-1-1 or go to the hospital right away if your child has any of these possible life threatening issues:
Make sure someone stays with your child for the first 24 hours after the concussion.
Rest and Sleep
The symptoms below are common after a mild brain injury. They usually get better on their own within a few weeks:
If your child’s symptoms get worse at any time or you notice new symptoms from the list on page 1, call your doctor or Health Link Alberta. You can also call Health Link Alberta 24/7 if you have questions about concussion/mild traumatic brain injury or any of the information in this handout:
Current as of: April 29, 2014
Author: Alberta Health Services