DTaP-IPV-Hib Vaccine for Children: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

A DTaP-IPV-Hib vaccine protects against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus (lockjaw), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type B. These diseases were common in children before the vaccine.

Children get a total of five DTaP-IPV-Hib shots over their first 6 years. Adults need to get tetanus and diphtheria shots to stay protected.

Common side effects after a DTaP-IPV-Hib shot include soreness at the injection site, fussiness, and a mild fever. These usually occur within 3 days of the shot and last a short time.

Tell your doctor or public health nurse if your child ever had a seizure or trouble breathing after a vaccine.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

Ask your doctor or public health nurse when your child needs the next DTaP-IPV-Hib shot.

How can you care for your child at home?

  • Give acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) if your child has a slight fever after the DTaP-IPV-Hib shot. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 18. It has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness.
  • If your child is under age 2 or weighs less than 11 kilograms, follow your doctor's advice about the amount of medicine to give your child.
  • Put ice or a cold pack on the injection site for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your child's skin.
  • Your baby may get fussy and refuse to eat after a DTaP-IPV-Hib shot. If this happens, hold and cuddle your baby. Keep your home at a comfortable temperature. Your baby may get more fussy if the house is too warm.

When should you call for help?

Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • Your child has a seizure.
  • Your child has symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. These may include:
    • Sudden raised, red areas (hives) all over the body.
    • Swelling of the throat, mouth, lips, or tongue.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Passing out (losing consciousness). Or your child may feel very light-headed or suddenly feel weak, confused, or restless.

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • Your child has symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as:
    • A rash or hives (raised, red areas on the skin).
    • Itching.
    • Swelling.
    • Belly pain, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Your child has a high fever.
  • Your child cries for 3 hours or more within 2 to 3 days after getting the shot.

Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if your child has any problems.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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Current as of: September 24, 2016