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Research shows that a combination of Cognitive-behavioural therapy and SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) is an effective treatment for PTSD. There is also evidence that eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) works. Some other kinds of treatments may be helpful in your recovery from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). But more evidence is needed to support these other treatments for PTSD.
Some people may want to talk about their trauma with others who have had similar experiences.
In group therapy, you talk with a group of people who also have been through a trauma and who have PTSD. Sharing your story with others may help you feel more comfortable talking about your trauma. This can help you cope with your symptoms, memories, and other parts of your life.
PTSD can impact your whole family. Your kids or your partner may not understand why you get angry sometimes, or why you're under so much stress. They may feel scared, guilty, or even angry about your condition.
Family therapy is a type of counselling that involves you, members of your family, and your significant other that will help with your treatment. A therapist helps you and your family communicate, maintain good relationships, and cope with tough emotions. Your family may learn more about PTSD and how it is treated.
In family therapy, each person can express his or her fears and concerns. It's important to be honest about your feelings and to listen to others. You can talk about your PTSD symptoms and what triggers them. You also can discuss the important parts of your treatment and recovery. By doing this, your family will be better prepared to help you.
You may consider having individual therapy for your PTSD symptoms and family therapy to help you with your relationships.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is another therapy for PTSD. Like other kinds of treatment, it can help change how you react to memories of your trauma.
While talking about your memories, you'll focus on stimuli like eye movements, hand taps, and sounds. For example, your therapist will move his or her hand near your face, and you'll follow this movement with your eyes. You'll also learn skills to help you relax and handle emotional distress.
Therapists think that focusing on hand movements or sounds while you talk about the traumatic event may help change how you react to memories of your trauma over time. But experts are still learning how EMDR works. EMDR may help you have fewer PTSD symptoms. But research also suggests that the eye movements are not a necessary part of the treatment.
EMDR may not be available at all clinics or hospitals.
For more information, see the topic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Adaptation Date: 5/7/2021
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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