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Capsaicin for Osteoarthritis

Topic Overview

Capsaicin (Zostrix), available without a prescription, is a pain reliever that comes in a cream that you apply directly to your skin (topical analgesic). It has been found to relieve joint pain from osteoarthritis in some people when rubbed into the skin over affected joints.footnote 1 To be beneficial, the cream must be applied 3 or 4 times a day. And the effects may not be seen for several weeks.

The main ingredient in capsaicin is an extract from hot peppers. It appears to have no serious side effects. But some people may be allergic to capsaicin. The first time you use this topical cream, apply it to just a small area of skin to make sure there is no allergic reaction. Even people who are not allergic may notice a burning sensation. Some people may not be able to tolerate the discomfort associated with using capsaicin.

Related Information

References

Citations

  1. De Silva V, et al. (2011). Evidence for the efficacy of complimentary and alternative medicines in the management of osteoarthritis: A systematic review. Rheumatology, 50(5): 911–920.

Credits

Current as ofApril 1, 2019

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Brian O'Brien, MD, FRCPC - Internal Medicine
Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Stanford M. Shoor, MD - Rheumatology

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