Health Information and Tools >  Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children
Facebook Tweet Email Share

Main Content

Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children

Topic Overview

Diabetes Canada recommends type 2 diabetes screening every 2 years for some children. Children who have not reached puberty and have 3 or more of the risk factors below should be screened. Children who have reached puberty and have 2 or more of the following risk factors:footnote 1

  • A body mass index (BMI) in the 95th percentile for his or her age and gender
  • A family history of type 2 diabetes
  • The child's mother had diabetes while pregnant with the child.
  • Hispanic, African, First Nations, Asian, or Pacific Island ancestry
  • Signs of not being able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions linked with it:
  • Use of antipsychotic medicine or atypical neuroleptics

If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes, he or she has (prediabetes). If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise, he or she may not develop diabetes.

For more information, see the Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in Children.

References

Citations

  1. Diabetes Canada Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee, et al. (2018). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 42(Suppl 1): S247–S254. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2017.10.037. Accessed October 15, 2018.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Diabetes Association (2000). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Diabetes Care, 23(3): 381–389.

Credits

Current as of: August 31, 2020

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: John Pope MD - Pediatrics
Brian D. O'Brien MD - Internal Medicine
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Stephen LaFranchi MD - Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology
Matthew I. Kim MD - Endocrinology
David C.W. Lau MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.