Alberta Health Services
The following people can get this vaccine:
Your healthcare provider may suggest you have the MMR vaccine if you are having a stem cell transplant.
You may not be able to get this vaccine if:
If you are planning to get pregnant, wait 1 month after getting this vaccine before you start trying to get pregnant.
If you have allergies or have had a side effect from a vaccine in the past, check with your doctor or a public health nurse before you get the vaccine.
Although you can get the vaccine if you have a mild illness, such as a cold or fever, you should stay home until you are feeling better to prevent spreading your illness to others.
The number of doses you get of the MMR vaccine depends on your age and risk of contact with these diseases.
Children need 2 doses of an MMR vaccine. As of January 1, 2021, children get their first dose at age 12 months and the second dose at age 18 months.
Children usually get an MMR vaccine that is combined with the varicella vaccine (MMR-Var). If a child did not get an MMR or MMR-Var vaccine at age 18 months, they will get it at age 4 years.
Any doses a child gets before age 12 months do not count towards the 2 doses that they need to protect them against these diseases.
Adults born in 1970 or later need 2 doses of measles and mumps vaccine.
If you were born before 1970, you likely do not need this vaccine. That is because there is a high chance you had contact with measles and mumps when you were younger. Your body remembers these viruses and knows how to fight them.
You may need extra protection if you have a high risk of contact because of where you work, where you travel, or what you study (if you are a student).
If you are born before 1970 and are:
Adults born in 1957 or later need at least 1 dose of rubella vaccine.
Most adults born before 1957 are thought to be protected against rubella and do not need this vaccine.
You may need extra protection if you have a high risk of contact because of where you work. You will need 1 or more doses of this vaccine if you were born before 1957 and are a healthcare worker or a daycare worker.
Your healthcare provider may also suggest you get a second dose of rubella vaccine if a blood test shows that you are not protected.
If you are having an organ transplant, ask your healthcare provider how many doses of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine you need.
The MMR-Var vaccine protects against measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella.
You can get the vaccine at your local public health or community health centre.
After 1 dose, protection is about:
Vaccine safety is a top priority. Canada uses extremely safe vaccines. Learn more about vaccine safety in Canada, including how vaccines are monitored for continued safety, and ingredients in vaccines.
There can be side effects from the MMR vaccine. They tend to be mild and go away in a few days, but side effects can happen up to 6 weeks after having this vaccine. They may include:
At least 1 out of 100 people who got this vaccine reported 1 or more of these side effects. In some cases, it is unknown if the vaccine caused these side effects.
It is important to stay at the clinic for 15 minutes after your vaccine. Some people may have a rare but serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. If anaphylaxis happens, you will get medicine to treat the symptoms.
It is rare to have a serious side effect after a vaccine. Call Health Link at 811 to report any serious or unusual side effects.
There can be mild, short-term side effects after getting a vaccine. Find tips to manage these side effects at home.