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Cervical polyps are smooth, red, finger-shaped growths in the cervix, the passage between the uterus and the vagina.
The cause of cervical polyps is not entirely understood. They may result from infection. They can also result from long-term (chronic) inflammation, an abnormal response to an increase in estrogen levels, or congestion of blood vessels in the cervical canal.
The most common symptom a woman will notice is abnormal vaginal bleeding that occurs:
Cervical polyps may be inflamed and rarely can become infected, causing vaginal discharge of yellow or white mucus. Polyps often occur without symptoms.
The most common treatment is removal of the polyp during a pelvic examination. This can be done simply by gently twisting the polyp, tying it tightly at the base, or removing it with special forceps. A solution is applied to the base of the polyp to stop any bleeding.
Polyps do not need to be removed unless they bleed, are very large, or have an unusual appearance.
Almost all cervical polyps are non-cancerous (benign). Your doctor may decide to send the polyp to the lab to have it tested, but testing is not always needed.
Cervical polyps most often occur in women older than 20 who have had several pregnancies. Most cervical polyps are first discovered during a pelvic examination. Usually only a single polyp develops, though sometimes two or three are found during an examination.
Current as ofDecember 19, 2018
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Sarah A. Marshall, MD - Family MedicineFemi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC, FACOG - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive EndocrinologyKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineMartin J. Gabica, MD - Family MedicineKirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive EndocrinologyKevin C. Kiley, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Current as of: December 19, 2018
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Sarah A. Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC, FACOG - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology & Kevin C. Kiley, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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