Kyphoplasty: Before Your Procedure
What is kyphoplasty?
Kyphoplasty is done to relieve pain from compression fractures of the spine. The procedure can return your vertebrae to a more normal shape.
Your doctor may numb the area, or you may get medicine to make you sleep. The doctor makes a small cut (incision) in your back. They will use a type of X-ray, called fluoroscopy, to guide a needle into the fractured vertebra. Then the doctor puts a balloon device into a vertebra. The doctor inflates the balloon and then deflates it. Then a substance that works like cement is put into the space created by the balloon.
How long the procedure takes will depend on how many vertebrae being treated. You may go home that day, or you may spend the night in the hospital.
Most people are able to go back to their normal activities within a few weeks.
How do you prepare for the procedure?
Procedures can be stressful. This information will help you understand what you can expect. And it will help you safely prepare for your procedure.
Preparing for the procedure
- Your doctor will do a physical exam and review your medical history. Tests may include blood tests, and imaging tests. These tests help you and your doctor decide if this treatment is right for you.
- You may also meet with a radiologist (a doctor who does imaging tests, like x-rays, ultrasounds, and MRIs).
- Be sure you have someone to take you home. Some medicines you'll get during your procedure will make it unsafe for you to drive or get home on your own.
- You may be asked to have bloodwork done before your procedure.
- Understand exactly what procedure is planned, along with the risks, benefits, and other options.
- If you take aspirin or some other blood thinner, ask your doctor if you should stop taking it before your procedure. Make sure that you understand exactly what your doctor wants you to do. These medicines increase the risk of bleeding.
- Tell your doctor ALL the medicines and natural health products you take. Some may increase the risk of problems during your procedure. Your doctor will tell you if you should stop taking any of them before the procedure and how soon to do it.
- Make sure your doctor and the hospital have a copy of your advance care plan. If you don't have one, you may want to prepare one. It lets others know your health care wishes. It's a good thing to have before any type of surgery or procedure.
What happens on the day of the procedure?
Follow the instructions exactly about when to stop eating and drinking. If you don't, your procedure may be cancelled. If your doctor told you to take your medicines on the day of the procedure, take them with only a sip of water.
Take a bath or shower before you come in for your procedure. Do not apply lotions, perfumes, deodorants, or nail polish.
Take off all jewellery and piercings. And take out contact lenses, if you wear them.
At the hospital
Bring a picture ID and your Alberta Health Care card.
You will be kept comfortable and safe by your healthcare team. You may get medicine that relaxes you or puts you in a light sleep. The area being worked on will be numb. Children may have a general anesthetic - special medicine to make them sleep more deeply.
When should you call your doctor?
- You have questions or concerns.
- You don't understand how to prepare for your procedure.
- You become ill before the procedure (such as fever, flu, or a cold).
- You need to reschedule or have changed your mind about having the procedure.
Where can you learn more?
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter G979 in the search box to learn more about "Kyphoplasty: Before Your Procedure".
Adaptation Date: 2/25/2022
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services