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Chronic kidney disease happens when your kidneys don't work as well as they should. Your kidneys have a few important jobs. They remove waste from your blood. This waste leaves your body in your urine. They also balance your body's fluids and chemicals.
When your kidneys don't work well, extra waste and fluid can build up. This can poison the body and sometimes cause death.
The most common causes of this disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. In some cases, the disease develops in 2 to 3 months. But it usually develops over many years.
If you take medicine and make healthy changes to your lifestyle, you may be able to prevent the disease from getting worse. But if your kidney damage gets worse, you may need dialysis or a kidney transplant. Dialysis uses a machine to filter waste from the blood. A transplant is surgery to give you a healthy kidney from another person.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
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Current as of: March 1, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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