Testicular Contusion: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Male genitals

A testicular contusion is a bruise or a blow to the testicle. Testicular problems such as bruising most commonly happen during sports or recreational activities, at work, or in a fall. A genital injury usually doesn't cause long-term harm to your testicles.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Rest and protect your testicles and groin. Stop, change, or take a break from any activity that may be causing your pain or soreness.
  • Put ice or a cold pack on the area for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your skin.
  • Wear briefs, not boxers, to help support the injured area. You can use a jock strap if it helps relieve your pain.
  • Ask your doctor if you can take an over-the-counter pain medicine, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve). Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
  • If the doctor gave you a prescription medicine for pain, take it as prescribed.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have severe or increasing pain.
  • You notice a change in how your testicles look or are positioned in your scrotum.
  • You notice new or worse swelling in your scrotum.
  • You have symptoms of a urinary problem, such as a urinary tract infection. These may include:
    • Pain or burning when you urinate.
    • A frequent need to urinate without being able to pass much urine.
    • Pain in the flank, which is just below the rib cage and above the waist on either side of the back.
    • Blood in your urine.
    • A fever.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You do not get better as expected.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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