Paracentesis (say "pair-uh-sen-TEE-sus") is a procedure that removes fluid from the belly. The buildup of fluid may be caused by infection, inflammation, an injury, or other problems.
Swelling from too much fluid may cause pain or trouble breathing. The doctor will remove the extra fluid with a needle attached to a tube.
Your doctor may remove the fluid to:
Your doctor or nurse will clean the area of your belly where the needle will go in. Then he or she will put sterile towels around the area.
You may get a shot of numbing medicine in your belly. Then your doctor will gently insert a needle where the fluid is. He or she may attach a tube (catheter) to the site to help collect the fluid. The procedure may take from a few minutes to 30 minutes or more.
After the fluid has drained, your doctor will take out the needle or catheter and put a bandage on the site.
Your doctor will watch your pulse, blood pressure, and temperature for about an hour.
If your doctor thinks that testing the fluid can help find the cause of a problem, he or she will send it to a lab.
For up to 2 days after the procedure, you may have a small amount of clear fluid coming out of the site where the needle was inserted, especially if you had a lot of fluid removed. You may need to change the bandage on the site.
Youcan do your normal activities after the procedure, unless your doctor tells you not to.
If fluid builds up in your belly again, your doctor may repeat this procedure.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter X447 in the search box to learn more about "Learning About Paracentesis".
Current as of: May 12, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
©2006-2018 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.