Bruises, or contusions, can happen as a result of an impact or fall. Most people think of a bruise as a black-and-blue spot. This happens when small blood vessels get torn and leak blood under the skin. The bruise may turn purplish black, reddish blue, or yellowish green as it heals. But bones and muscles can also get bruised. This may damage the hand but not cause a bruise that you can see.
Most bruises aren't serious and will go away on their own in 2 to 4 weeks. But sometimes a more serious hand injury might not heal on its own. Tell your doctor if you have new symptoms or your injury is not getting better over time. You may have tests to see if you have bone or nerve damage. These tests may include X-rays, a CT scan, or an MRI. If you damaged bones or muscles, you may need more treatment.
The doctor has checked you carefully, but problems can develop later. If you notice any problems or new symptoms, get medical treatment right away.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: November 20, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
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