Fluid overload means that your body has too much water. The extra fluid in your body can raise your blood pressure and force your heart to work harder. It can also make it hard for you to breathe.
Most of your body is made up of water. The body uses minerals like sodium and potassium to help organs such as your heart, kidneys, and liver balance how much water you need. For example, the heart pumps blood to move water around the body. And the kidneys work to get rid of the water that the body doesn't need.
Health conditions like kidney disease, heart failure, and cirrhosis can cause fluid overload.
Other things can cause extra fluid to build up. IV fluids, some medicines, too much salt (sodium) from food, and certain medical treatments can sometimes cause this fluid increase.
Some of the most common symptoms are:
The goal of treatment is to remove the extra fluid in your body. Your treatment will depend on the cause. Your doctor may:
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
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Current as of: December 6, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Brian O'Brien, MD, FRCPC - Internal Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
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