Learning About Pureeing Foods

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Why are pureed foods important?

Puree (say "pyuh-RAY") is a way to turn solid foods into a liquid with a texture similar to pudding. You can puree food in a blender or food processor. Pureed foods are important if you have trouble chewing or swallowing. Turning solid foods into something you can drink makes them safer and easier for you to swallow.

Your doctor may have you talk with a nutrition expert, such as a dietitian, to help you plan meals. This person can help you make sure to get all the nutrients you need, including protein, vitamins, and minerals. If you are trying to keep your weight the same, you may need to eat more often so you get enough calories. You may get different advice if you are trying to lose weight.

How do you puree foods?

Any food you can blend into a smooth, pudding-like texture with no lumps will work for this way of eating.

Chop up larger pieces of food into smaller pieces, and place them in a blender or food processor. You may need to add liquid such as juice or broth to get the right thickness.

Adding food or liquid slowly into the blender or food processor will help you get to the right texture. You can buy thickening agents that are made for this type of eating. Follow the instructions on the container. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you where to buy these products. You can also use dried potato flakes, gelatin, or flour to thicken your drinks. Milks and juices need something added to them to get to the pudding-like consistency.

If the puree is too thin, add more food. If it is too thick, add more liquid. You can use broth, juice, milk, or water to thin your food. Your doctor will help you understand what the right consistency is for your needs.

Foods that can be pureed include:

  • Cooked meats, fish and chicken.
  • Dairy products such as cottage cheese, yogurt, and ice cream.
  • Cooked vegetables such as potatoes and beans.
  • Canned fruits.
  • Ripe bananas and avocados.

What type of foods are not recommended?

Not all foods will puree well. In general, stay away from foods that are hard or have seeds. Foods you should avoid include:

  • Nuts.
  • Seeds.
  • Raw vegetables.
  • Bread.
  • Dry cereals.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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