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TIPS is a procedure in which a tube called a stent is placed to join two veins in a damaged liver. One vein carries blood into the liver (portal vein) from the belly. Another vein goes from the liver to the heart (hepatic vein).
The scar tissue in a damaged liver can prevent the blood from filtering through the liver. This can cause high blood pressure in the portal vein. TIPS forms a channel that allows some of the blood to bypass the liver. This lowers the pressure and makes veins less likely to rupture and bleed.
TIPS is used to reduce high blood pressure in the portal vein that carries blood from the intestines to the liver.
TIPS may be used to:
A TIPS procedure may be done by a radiologist, who places a wire-mesh stent through another tube called a catheter. It goes into a vein in the neck. The doctor threads the catheter to the liver and places the stent to join the two veins. The stent is then expanded using a small balloon.
Problems from a TIPS procedure may include:
You will stay overnight in the hospital and may go home the next day after a TIPS procedure. Your doctor or nurse checks to make sure that you're not having any problems before you go home.
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Adaptation Date: 11/19/2021
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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