Cervicitis in Teens: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Female pelvic organs

Cervicitis (say "ser-vuh-SY-tus") is an inflammation of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervicitis is most often caused by an infection. Some women develop cervicitis after getting a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. Lab tests can help your doctor learn what caused your cervicitis.

Untreated cervicitis can cause serious health problems. You may need a follow-up test to make sure that any infection is gone.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Take your antibiotics as directed. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to take the full course of antibiotics.
  • If your doctor prescribed antifungal medicine, use it as directed.
  • Do not have sex with anyone while you are being treated. If your treatment is a single dose of antibiotics, wait at least 7 days after taking the dose before having any sexual contact. Even if you use a condom, you may become reinfected.
  • Make sure to tell your sex partner or partners that you have cervicitis, because it may be related to an STI. Sex partners should get tested and then treated if they are infected with an STI, even if they do not have symptoms.
  • Do not douche. Douching changes the normal balance of substances in your vagina.
  • Do not use tampons while you are being treated for cervicitis.

To prevent STIs

  • You should never feel pressured to have sex. It's okay to say "no" anytime you want to stop.
  • It's important to feel safe with your sex partner and with the activities you are doing together. If you don't feel safe, talk with an adult you trust.
  • Use latex condoms every time you have sex. Use them from the beginning to the end of sexual contact. Use a female condom if your partner doesn't have or won't use a condom.
  • Talk to your partner before you have sex. Find out if he or she has or is at risk for any sexually transmitted infection (STI). Keep in mind that a person may be able to spread an STI even if he or she does not have symptoms.
  • Do not have sex with anyone who has symptoms of an STI, such as sores on the genitals or mouth.
  • Having one sex partner (who does not have STIs and does not have sex with anyone else) is a good way to avoid STIs. Not having sex is the best way to prevent any sexually transmitted infection.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have new pelvic pain, or the pain in your pelvis gets worse.
  • You have a new discharge from your vagina.
  • You have a new or higher fever.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You do not get better as expected.
  • Your symptoms continue or come back after treatment, or you get new symptoms.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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