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The medial collateral ligament is a band of tissue on the inside of the knee. It connects the thigh bone to the bone of the lower leg. It keeps the knee from bending inward. You can sprain or tear the ligament during activity that involves bending, twisting, or a quick change of direction. The ligament is often injured in football or soccer when the outside of the knee is hit.
You can treat minor injuries with rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medicine. Your doctor may suggest you wear a brace that helps support your knee. A severe tear may need surgery.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: June 26, 2019
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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