Dialysis does the work of your kidneys when you have kidney failure. It filters wastes and removes extra fluid. And it restores the right balance of chemicals in the blood.
Peritoneal dialysis (say "pair-uh-tuh-NEE-uhl dy-AL-uh-sus") uses the lining of your belly to filter your blood. This lining is called the peritoneal membrane.
You do not need to go to a dialysis centre for peritoneal dialysis. Instead, you will do your own treatments at home or in any clean place. You may be able to do it when you sleep.
You can do peritoneal dialysis yourself or have a machine help you.
Before you can start dialysis, a doctor has to make a dialysis access in your belly. This is the place where the fluid (dialysis solution) flows into and out of your body.
Your doctor will place a soft tube, or catheter, in your belly. This is most often done 10 to 14 days before dialysis starts.
You will be trained on how to do the treatment.
The process of doing peritoneal dialysis is called an exchange. Each exchange has three steps: fill, dwell, and drain.
How the exchange is done, how often you do it, and how long it takes depend on the type of peritoneal dialysis you use.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
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Current as of: May 12, 2017
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
& Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
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