Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Teens: Care Instructions

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Female reproductive system (front view)

Your Care Instructions

Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is irregular bleeding from the uterus that is longer or heavier than usual or does not occur at your regular time. Sometimes it's because of changes in hormone levels or growths in the uterus such as fibroids or polyps. Sometimes a cause can't be found.

You may have heavy bleeding when you are not expecting your period. Your doctor may suggest a pregnancy test, if you think you are pregnant.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
    • If the doctor gave you a prescription medicine for pain, take it as prescribed.
    • If you are not taking a prescription pain medicine, ask your doctor if you can take an over-the-counter medicine.
  • You may be low in iron because of blood loss. Eat a balanced diet that is high in iron and vitamin C. Foods with a lot of iron include red meat, shellfish, and eggs. They also include beans and leafy green vegetables. Talk to your doctor about taking iron pills or a multivitamin.

When should you call for help?

Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • You passed out (lost consciousness).

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have new or worse belly or pelvic pain.
  • You are dizzy or light-headed, or you feel like you may faint.
  • You have severe vaginal bleeding.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You think you may be pregnant.
  • Your bleeding gets worse.
  • You do not get better as expected.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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