A splenectomy (say "splih-NEK-tuh-mee") is surgery to take out the
spleen. You may have your spleen taken out because a disease made it get too
big. Or maybe your spleen no longer works as it should. The doctor also may remove the spleen
if it was damaged in an accident or injury.
Your surgery may be done through one large cut (incision). This is called open surgery. Or you may have laparoscopic surgery. To do this, the doctor puts a lighted tube, or scope, and other tools through several small cuts.
The spleen helps protect you from illness. After
your spleen is gone, you may be more likely to get certain infections.
So before or soon after your surgery, you will need a pneumococcal shot. You may also need other
Open surgery will
leave a scar about 15 to 25 centimetres long on your belly. Laparoscopic surgery
leaves small scars. They will fade over time.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be
sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having
problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of
the medicines you take.
Surgery can be
stressful. This information will help you understand what you can expect. And it will help you safely prepare for surgery.
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
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Current as of:
August 9, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Kenneth Bark, MD - General Surgery, Colon and Rectal Surgery
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