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Vaginal Prolapse Surgery

Surgery Overview

Vaginal wall prolapse (vaginal vault prolapse) occurs when the upper portion of the vagina loses its normal shape and drops down into the vaginal canal or outside of the vagina.

During vaginal prolapse surgery, the top of the vagina is attached to the lower abdominal (belly) wall, the lower back (lumbar) spine, or the ligaments of the pelvis. The prolapse is usually repaired through the vagina or an incision in the belly. It may involve use of either your tissue or artificial material.

What To Expect

General anesthesia is usually used for vaginal prolapse surgery. You may stay in the hospital for 1 to 2 days. You will probably be able to return to your normal activities in about 6 weeks. Avoid strenuous activity for the first 6 weeks. Then increase your activity level bit by bit.

Most people are able to resume sexual intercourse in about 6 weeks.

Why It Is Done

Vaginal prolapse surgery is done to help lift the vagina back into place and help with symptoms such as urinary incontinence and painful intercourse.

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How Well It Works

Surgery helps improve symptoms for most people. But in some cases, prolapse happens again several years after surgery.

Risks

Problems from vaginal prolapse surgery aren't common. They include:

  • Bleeding.
  • Mild buttock pain for 1 to 2 months after surgery.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Urinary retention.
  • Infection.
  • Formation of an abnormal opening or connection between organs or body parts (fistula).

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