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Fat Emulsion - Injection

Common Brand Name(s): Intralipid

Important: How To Use This Information

This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

Warning

This product must be used cautiously in premature or low-birth-weight infants since it has caused very serious (possibly fatal) lung problems in these patients. The infant must be monitored closely while receiving this product. If this product is to be given to a premature or low-birth-weight infant, talk with the doctor about the risks and benefits of using this product.

Uses

This product is used to provide calories to patients who are getting their nutrition through an injection into the vein. Calories are needed to provide the body with energy so that the body can work properly. This product is also used to provide a certain nutrient (essential fatty acids) to people who do not have enough of it. This product helps to prevent or reverse the signs of this deficiency (such as scaly skin, poor growth, poor wound healing).

How To Use

This product is given by injection into a vein as directed by your doctor. Before using, check this product visually for particles, oil, or discoloration. If any of these are present, do not use the liquid. Learn all preparation and usage instructions in the product package. If any of the information is unclear, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Except for heparin, do not add any medication/minerals to the product container.

Dosage is based on your medical condition, weight, and response to treatment.

Side Effects

Headache, dizziness, flushing, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, or sweating may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that this medication has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including:

  • signs of infection (such as sore throat that doesn't go away, fever)
  • pain/swelling/redness at injection site
  • pain/swelling/redness of arms/legs
  • bluish skin
  • sudden weight gain
  • shortness of breath
  • back/chest pain
  • mental/mood changes
  • bone pain
  • muscle weakness
  • easy bruising/bleeding
  • signs of liver disease (such as nausea/vomiting that doesn't stop, loss of appetite, stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine)

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including:

  • rash
  • itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat)
  • severe dizziness
  • trouble breathing

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

See also Warning section.

Before receiving the fat emulsion, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to eggs, safflower oil, or soy/peanut found in some brands; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of:

  • high fat (lipid) levels in the blood
  • liver disease
  • kidney disease
  • lung disease
  • anemia
  • blood clotting disorder

Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).

Older adults may be at greater risk for bone pain and mental/mood changes while using this drug.

Children may be at greater risk for liver disease while using this drug. Newborns and infants may also be at greater risk for bone pain and mental/mood changes while using this drug.

During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Drug Interactions

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

This medication may interfere with certain lab tests possibly causing false test results. Make sure lab personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

Overdose

If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Alberta residents can call PADIS (Poison and Drug Information Service) 24 hours a day at 1-800-332-1414. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

Notes

Lab and/or medical tests (such as complete blood count, liver/kidney function, lipid panel) should be done while you are using this medication. Consult your doctor for more details.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Use your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

If you have questions about missing a dose or you don't have more medication, contact your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Storage

Store the unopened container at room temperature away from light. The mixed product may be stored in the refrigerator for up to 24 hours. Finish giving the mixed product within 24 hours after removal from the refrigerator. Protect this product from freezing. Discard partially used containers. Do not save for later use. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

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