Health Information and Tools > Medications >  Progesterone Gel - Vaginal
Facebook Tweet Share

Main Content

Progesterone Gel - Vaginal

Pronunciation: pro-JESS-ter-own

Common Brand Name(s): Crinone

Important: How To Use This Information

This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

Uses

This medication is used to treat infertility in women who do not make enough of a certain natural hormone called progesterone. This hormone is needed to maintain pregnancy.

This medication is also used to restore menstrual cycles in women whose cycles have stopped. Progesterone is needed to keep menstrual periods regular.

How To Use

Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start using progesterone gel and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

This medication is for vaginal use only. Remove the wrapper and prepare the applicator for use as shown in the instructions. There are additional instructions for preparing the applicator if you use this medication at altitudes above 2,500 feet (762 meters).

To treat infertility, use this medication as directed by your doctor, usually once or twice a day. If you become pregnant, continue to use this medication for 10-12 weeks as directed until your body is able to make its own progesterone.

If you are using this medication to restore your menstrual cycle, use it as directed by your doctor, usually every other day up to a total of 6 doses.

If you are directed to use any other vaginal products, separate their application from progesterone gel by at least 6 hours.

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time(s) each day.

Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. Your condition will not improve any faster, and your risk of side effects will increase.

Side Effects

Bloating, cramps, stomach pain, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, breast swelling/pain, pain around the vaginal area, drowsiness, tiredness, decreased interest in sex, joint pain, or headache may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

You may develop a vaginal discharge containing little white balls of gel from using this medication. This is normal and harmless. However, if you develop any unusual vaginal discharge, itching, or odor, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that this medication has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including:

  • mental/mood changes (such as depression, nervousness, mood swings)
  • swelling of the hands/feet
  • increased urination at night
  • abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • breast lumps
  • yellowing of the eyes or skin

This medication may rarely cause serious (sometimes fatal) problems from blood clots (such as deep vein thrombosis, heart attack, pulmonary embolism, stroke). Get medical help right away if you have:

  • shortness of breath/rapid breathing
  • chest/jaw/left arm pain
  • unusual sweating
  • confusion
  • sudden dizziness/fainting
  • pain/swelling/warmth in the groin/calf
  • sudden/severe headaches
  • trouble speaking
  • weakness on one side of the body
  • sudden vision changes

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including:

  • rash
  • itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat)
  • severe dizziness
  • trouble breathing

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.

In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Precautions

Before using progesterone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of:

  • vaginal bleeding of unknown cause
  • personal or family history of cancer (especially breast or cervical cancer)
  • a miscarriage with some tissue remaining in the womb
  • blood clots
  • seizures
  • liver disease
  • migraines
  • asthma
  • heart disease
  • kidney disease
  • depression
  • diabetes

Although unlikely, blood clots may occur with this medication. Your risk is increased if you have surgery or if you stay in a chair or bed for a long time (such as on a long plane flight). Tell your doctor beforehand of any of these events because you may need special precautions.

If you have diabetes, this medication may affect your blood sugar. Check your blood sugar regularly as directed and share the results with your doctor. Tell your doctor right away if you have symptoms of high blood sugar, such as increased thirst/urination. Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medication, exercise program, or diet.

This drug may make you drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis). In general, alcohol is not recommended for pregnant or possibly pregnant women due to the increased risk of harm to the baby.

This medication may be used in pregnancy as directed by your doctor. Consult your doctor for more details.

This drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Drug Interactions

See also How to Use section.

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.

Overdose

This medicine may be harmful if swallowed. If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Alberta residents can call PADIS (Poison and Drug Information Service) 24 hours a day at 1-800-332-1414. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

Notes

Do not share this medication with others.

Keep all regular medical and lab appointments. You should have regular complete physical exams including blood pressure, breast exam, pelvic exam, and screening for cervical cancer (Pap smear). Follow your doctor's instructions for examining your breasts, and report any lumps right away. Consult your doctor for more details.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Use your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

If you have questions about missing a dose or you don't have more medication, contact your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Storage

Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Learn how we develop our content.

‚Äč