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Vacuum aspiration can be used to empty the uterus after a miscarriage or other fetal loss. Many miscarriages pass on their own, but some do not. These are called incomplete miscarriages and missed miscarriages. With an incomplete miscarriage, some of the pregnancy tissue stays in the uterus after a miscarriage. With a missed miscarriage, all of the tissue stays in the uterus after a miscarriage.
You may have manual or machine vacuum aspiration. With manual vacuum, the doctor uses a specially designed syringe to apply suction. With machine vacuum, a thin tube is attached to a bottle and a pump. The tube is inserted into the uterus. The pump provides gentle suction to remove the tissue.
After the procedure, you may have bleeding and spotting. You also may have cramps that feel like menstrual cramps. Guilt, anxiety, and sadness are common reactions after a miscarriage. It is also common to want to know why a miscarriage has happened. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make emotions stronger than usual. These feelings can last a while.
Vacuum aspiration is a minor surgical procedure. A normal recovery includes:
After the procedure:
Vacuum aspiration is done in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Vacuum aspiration can be done for:
First-trimester surgical abortions are safe and effective and have few complications.
In rare cases, an aspiration procedure doesn't successfully end a pregnancy. This is more likely to happen during the earliest weeks of a pregnancy.
The risk of problems from the procedure is rare. But some problems may include:
Current as of: August 2, 2022
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Sarah Marshall MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Rebecca H. Allen MD, MPH - Obstetrics and Gynecology & Kirtly Jones MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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