Health Information and Tools > Patient Care Handouts >  Surgery to Repair a Hip Fracture: Learning about

Main Content

Surgery to Repair a Hip Fracture: Learning about

The hip can break in 3 ways. One: across the neck of the bone (called a transcervical or subcapital hip fracture). Two: below the neck of the bone (called an intertrochanteric hip fracture). Three: Across the shaft of the bone (called a subtrochanteric hip fracture)

Surgery to Repair a Hip Fracture

Learning about

What is surgery for a hip fracture?

Surgery for a hip fracture repairs a broken hip bone. Broken hips are often caused by a fall or other injury. Some kinds of broken bones heal on their own. But a broken hip is not likely to heal well without surgery. This type of surgery is usually done soon after a hip breaks.

How is surgery for a hip fracture done?

The type of surgery your surgeon chooses will depend on the type of fracture you have, as well as other factors like your age and the quality of your bone.

Your surgery might use metal pins, screws, rods, or plates to attach the pieces of bone back together. The pins, screws, rods, and plates can be in different places, depending on your situation. The pictures below show some of the ways to fix a broken hip.

-Intramedullary (gamma) nail involves placing a nail/rod down into the femur and a screw up into the head of the femur. The nail/rod is secured with a screw lower down the femur. -Cannulated Screws involves placing screws across the neck of the femur into the head of the femur. -Sliding/dynamic hip screw involves placing a screw up the femoral neck to the head of the femur then linking it to a plate that runs alongside the femur and is held in place with 1-4 screws. -Partial hip replacement (hemiarthroplasty) involves removing the fractured head and neck of the femur and replacing the fractured bone with a prostheses (an artificial, metal implant) -Total Hip replacement involves replacing both the ball at the upper end of the femur (fractured femoral head or neck) and hip socket (acetabulum) in the pelvic bone.

What can you expect after surgery for a hip fracture?

The day after your surgery

On the day after your surgery, you can expect to:

  • do your own self-care, like washing yourself

  • start physical therapy

  • get out of bed with help (follow the weight-bearing instructions from your healthcare team)

  • sit in a chair for at least 1 meal

  • do your deep breathing and bed exercises

  • use a toilet with a raised seat or commode chair to go to the bathroom

You will still have your IV (intravenous) on the day after your surgery. You can also expect to:

  • restart your regular medicine, if your healthcare provider says to.

  • take medicine for pain or discomfort if you need to (especially before your physical therapy) or if your stomach is upset

  • keep taking a blood thinner

  • have blood work and other tests, as needed

  • have your bladder catheter taken out, if you have one

You can also expect to eat your meals and snacks, start taking calcium and vitamin D, and drink a nutritional supplement 3 or 4 times.

Days 2 to 5 after your surgery

On days 2 to 5 after your surgery, you can expect to:

  • have your IV taken out (once you’re drinking well)

  • have your dressing changed, if your incision (surgical cut) is draining

  • have other tests, such as x-rays (as needed)

You can also expect to keep doing some everyday activities:

  • washing and dressing yourself

  • going for walks (wear supportive shoes)

  • sitting up in a chair for meals

  • eating your meals and snacks

  • drinking a nutritional supplement 3 or 4 times a day

You will also have physical therapy and occupational therapy.

A physical therapist (also called a PT) will:

  • teach you exercises to strengthen and protect your hip while it heals

  • show you how to use a walking aid to help you move around

An occupational therapist (also called an OT) will:

  • help you learn how to use equipment that you may need at home

  • teach you how to do your self-care, like getting dressed

  • show you how to get in and out of bed, get on and off the toilet and chairs, get in and out of the tub or shower, and get in and out of a car

  • help you arrange the equipment and services you’ll need when you leave the hospital

Using walking aids

During your recovery, your healthcare team will show you how to walk properly with a walking aid. Let your nurse or physical therapist know if you’re worried about falling while you’re learning to walk and move around again.

Use a walking aid at all times to protect your hip. Your healthcare team will let you know which walking aid is right for you. Use your walking aid until your healthcare team says you don’t need it anymore. Walking aids include:

  • walkers

  • canes

  • crutches

Planning for when you leave the hospital

Your healthcare team will encourage you and your family to be involved in your recovery and in planning for when you leave the hospital. Your healthcare team will ensure that it is safe for you to go home.

If you live in a different community than where you had your surgery, you may be sent to the hospital in your community. If you live in supportive living, you’ll go back there. If you’re not ready to go home, you may be moved to another area of the hospital or another facility to keep working on your recovery.

For several months, you may need the help of a walker or crutches. After that, you may need to continue to walk with a cane. At first, you may need help with daily activities such as bathing, dressing, and cooking. Rehab will help you get back to your regular activities. But it will probably take at least 3 months to return to your normal routine. It may take 6 months to 1 year for you to fully recover. Some people, especially older people, are never able to move as well as they used to.

You will slowly return to most of your activities.

  • Ask your doctor when you can drive again.

  • You may be able to return to work in 4 weeks to 4 months, depending on your job.

  • Your doctor will tell you when you can walk, swim, dance, golf, or bicycle. Ask your doctor about other activities you would like to do.

  • Your doctor may advise you to avoid more strenuous activities, such as running or tennis, or activities where a fall is possible, such as horseback riding or skiing.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

To see this information online and learn more, visit


For 24/7 nurse advice and general health information call Health Link at 811.

Current as of: May 13, 2022

Author: Bone and Joint Health SCN, Alberta Health Services

This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.