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Child's Routine Checkup, Birth to 1 Month: Care Instructions

Your Care Instructions

Your baby is already watching and listening to you. Talking, cuddling, hugs, and kisses are all ways that you can help your baby grow and develop.

At this age, your baby may look at faces and follow an object with his or her eyes. He or she may respond to sounds by blinking, crying, or appearing to be startled. Your baby may lift his or her head briefly while on the tummy. Your baby will likely have periods where he or she is awake for 2 or 3 hours straight. Although newborn sleeping and eating patterns vary, your baby will probably sleep for a total of 18 hours each day.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

How can you care for your child at home?


  • If you breastfeed, let your baby decide when and how long to nurse.
  • If you don't breastfeed, use a formula with iron. Your baby may take 60 to 90 millilitres (2 to 3 ounces) of formula every 3 to 4 hours.
  • Always check the temperature of the formula by putting a few drops on your wrist.
  • Do not warm bottles in the microwave. The milk can get too hot and burn your baby's mouth.


  • Put your baby to sleep on their back, not on the side or tummy. This reduces the risk of SIDS. Use a firm, flat mattress. Do not put pillows in the crib. Do not use sleep positioners or crib bumpers.
  • Do not hang toys across the crib.
  • Make sure that the crib slats are less than 6 centimetres apart. Your baby's head can get trapped if the openings are too wide.
  • Remove the knobs on the corners of the crib so that they don't fall off into the crib.
  • Tighten all nuts, bolts, and screws on the crib every few months. Check the mattress support hangers and hooks regularly.
  • Do not use older or used cribs. They may not meet current safety standards.
  • Visit the Government of Canada's Baby Product Safety webpage at for more information about crib safety.


  • Your baby may cry for 1 to 3 hours a day. Babies usually cry for a reason, such as being hungry, hot, cold, or in pain, or having dirty diapers. Sometimes babies cry but you do not know why. When your baby cries:
    • Change your baby's clothes or blankets if you think your baby may be too cold or warm. Change your baby's diaper if it is dirty or wet.
    • Feed your baby if you think they're hungry. Try burping your baby, especially after feeding.
    • Look for a problem, such as an open diaper pin, that may be causing pain.
    • Hold your baby close to your body to comfort your baby.
    • Rock in a rocking chair.
    • Sing or play soft music, go for a walk in a stroller, or take a ride in the car.
    • Wrap your baby snugly in a blanket, give your baby a warm bath, or take a bath together.
    • If your baby still cries, put your baby in the crib and close the door. Go to another room and wait to see if your baby falls asleep. If your baby is still crying after 15 minutes, pick your baby up and try all of the above tips again.


  • Most babies have had the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine by now. Make sure that your baby gets the recommended childhood vaccines over the next few months. These vaccines will help keep your baby healthy and prevent the spread of disease.

When should you call for help?

Watch closely for changes in your baby's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:

  • You are concerned that your baby is not getting enough to eat or is not developing normally.
  • Your baby seems sick.
  • Your baby has a fever.
  • You need more information about how to care for your baby, or you have questions or concerns.

Where can you learn more?

Go to

Enter Z497 in the search box to learn more about "Child's Routine Checkup, Birth to 1 Month: Care Instructions".

Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.