Children who have cochlear implants have a higher risk of getting bacterial meningitis.footnote 2 A cochlear implant is a device is implanted in the inner ear to treat severe hearing loss that does not improve with hearing aids.
Experts think one or more factors may put some people with a cochlear implant at higher risk of meningitis than others with an implant. These include people who have:
Investigators also are looking at whether the design of the implants contributes to development of meningitis.
To reduce the risk of getting meningitis, people with cochlear implants should get a pneumococcal vaccine (such as the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.footnote 1 Also, some people with implants had ear infections before they developed meningitis. For this reason, experts recommend that people with implants receive prompt antibiotic treatment for ear infections.
National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) (2006). Canadian Immunization Guide, 7th ed., pp. 1–372. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada. Also available online: http://publications.gc.ca.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2012). Use of vaccines to prevent meningitis in persons with cochlear implants. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/mening/cochlear/dis-cochlear-gen.htm.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineAnne C. Poinier, MD - Internal MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerW. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
Current as ofMarch 3, 2017
Current as of: March 3, 2017
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
& Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
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