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Activities of daily living (ADLs) are the basic self-care tasks you do every day. As you age, and if you have health problems, you may find that it's harder to do these things for yourself. That's when you may need some help.
Your doctor uses ADLs to measure how much help you need. Knowing what you can and can't do for yourself is an important first step to getting help. And when you have the help you need, you can stay as independent as possible.
Your doctor will want to know if you are able to do tasks such as:
If you are having trouble doing basic self-care tasks, talk with your doctor. You may want to bring a caregiver or family member who can help the doctor understand your needs and abilities.
Asking about ADLs is part of a routine health checkup your doctor will likely do as you age. Your health check might be done in a doctor's office, in your home, or at a hospital. The goal is to find out if you are having any problems that could make your health problems worse or that make it unsafe for you to be on your own.
To measure your ADLs, your doctor will ask how hard it is for you to do routine tasks. He or she may also want to know if you have changed the way you do a task because of a health problem. He or she may watch how you:
It's normal to feel a little worried or anxious if you find you can't do all the things you used to be able to do. Talking with your doctor about ADLs isn't a test that you either pass or fail. It's just a way to get more information about your health and safety.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Current as of: February 27, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Joan Rigg PT, OCS - Physical Therapy
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