Latent tuberculosis (TB) means that your child has bacteria in his or her body that could cause active TB disease. Your child can't spread the bacteria to other people at this time. But if your child's immune system can't keep the bacteria from growing, the disease becomes active. People with weakened immune systems are more likely to develop active TB.
With active TB in the lungs, your child can spread the disease to others. Active TB is a serious disease.
Latent TB doesn't have any symptoms. You may even be surprised that your child has it, since he or she doesn't look or feel sick. It's very important to give your child the antibiotic medicine as your doctor tells you to. This treatment protects your child from getting active TB. It takes a long time to rid the body of TB. Treatment can last 3 to 9 months. During treatment your child will see the doctor for tests to see how the medicine is working.
The standard treatment for children ages 2 to 11 is daily medicine for 9 months. The type of antibiotic your child takes and how long he or she will take it will depend on your child's age and other health factors. Your doctor will help guide you through the process.
Your child may have directly observed therapy (DOT). This means that you meet with a health care worker when your child takes medicine. DOT helps with taking the medicine on schedule. And it helps your child complete treatment as soon as possible. The doctor will let you know if your child needs DOT.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: November 18, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
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