Mood disorders are medical problems that affect how you feel. They can impact your moods, thoughts, and actions. Mood disorders include:
Symptoms depend on your mood swings. You may:
Symptoms come and go at about the same time each year. For most people with SAD, symptoms come during the winter when there is less daylight. You may:
Mood disorders can be treated with counselling or medicines, or a combination of both.
Counselling may involve cognitive-behavioural therapy. It teaches you how to change the ways you think and behave. This can help you stop thinking bad thoughts about yourself and your life.
Medicines for depression and SAD may include antidepressants.
Medicines for bipolar disorder may include:
Light therapy is the main treatment for SAD. This therapy uses a special kind of lamp. You let the lamp shine on you at certain times, usually in the morning. This may help your symptoms during the months when there is less sunlight.
Healthy lifestyle changes may help you feel better.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
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Current as of: December 7, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Christine R. Maldonado, PhD - Behavioral Health
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