Endometrial ablation is a procedure to treat very heavy menstrual bleeding or other abnormal bleeding in the uterus. During ablation, the lining of the uterus is destroyed. The lining heals by scarring. The scarring reduces or prevents bleeding.
During the procedure, your doctor will insert a lubricated tool called a speculum into your vagina. The speculum gently spreads apart the sides of your vagina. Your doctor may use a lighted tube (called a hysteroscope, or scope) through the cervix to see inside the uterus. A device that uses either a laser beam, heat, electricity, freezing, or microwaves will be inserted to destroy the lining.
Your doctor may give you medicine to help you relax. You may also be given medicine to help with pain.
The procedure can be done in a doctor's office or a hospital. It usually takes less than an hour. You will go home after the procedure.
This procedure is not recommended if you plan to get pregnant.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Having a procedure can be stressful. This information will help you understand what you can expect and how to safely prepare for your procedure.
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Current as of: October 13, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Kevin C. Kiley, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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