Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) happens when a hormone change causes ovulation problems. Ovulation is the time of the month when your ovary releases an egg.
Doctors don't fully understand why some women get PCOS. But they think it may be genetic. They also think it could be linked to obesity and a risk for diabetes.
PCOS can cause different symptoms. Your menstrual cycles may not be regular. Some women don't get their period for months or longer. But it's important to know that you can still get pregnant. If you don't want to be pregnant, talk to your doctor about birth control.
Other symptoms include weight gain, acne, and too much hair on your face or body. You could also have high blood pressure and high blood sugar levels. Sometimes a woman's ovaries have cysts or growths that are not cancer.
Your doctor may have you take medicines to help your menstrual cycle be more regular. These may also prevent heavy periods. And they could prevent precancerous changes in your uterus.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: October 6, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
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