If your child is nearsighted, he or she can see things that are up close. But your child has trouble seeing things in the distance. Faraway objects look blurry and out of focus. It may be hard for your child to see images or words on a blackboard, movie screen, or TV.
Children who are nearsighted may squint or frown or hold books or other objects very close to the face. They may sit at the front of the classroom or very close to the TV or movie screen. They may not be interested in sports or other things that need good distance vision.
This vision problem is often caused by a natural change in the shape of the eyeball. The eyeball is oval (egg-shaped) rather than round. This causes light rays that enter the eye to focus in front of the retina rather than directly on it.
Eyeglasses or contact lenses can help correct nearsightedness. Several types of surgery can also be done to reduce or fix the problem.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: March 3, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& A. Evan Eyler, MD, MPH - Family Medicine, Psychiatry
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