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Sickle cell disease turns normal, round red blood cells into misshaped cells that look like sickles or crescent moons. The sickle-shaped cells can get stuck in blood vessels, blocking blood flow and causing severe pain. The sickle-shaped cells also can harm organs, muscles, and bones. It is a lifelong condition that causes anemia and puts your child at risk for bacterial infections. Sickle cell disease is passed down in families. Your doctor also may recommend that other family members get tested for sickle cell disease.
Your doctor may treat your child with medicines. Some children get blood transfusions or a bone marrow transplant. Managing pain and preventing bacterial infections are important parts of your child's treatment.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having any problems.
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Current as of: May 6, 2018
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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