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Pulled Elbow in Children: Care Instructions

Your Care Instructions

Your child has an injury called pulled elbow. Pulled elbow occurs when one of the bones in the forearm slips out of position at the elbow. It can happen during play or when an adult pulls a child up over a curb or other obstacle. It also can happen when a child's hand is pulled through the sleeve of a sweater or coat. Pulled elbow is common in children between ages 1 and 4. As children grow, their arms get stronger and they no longer get this type of injury.

The doctor may have moved the elbow back in place. This injury usually heals quickly and without permanent damage.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

How can you care for your child at home?

  • Give your child pain medicines exactly as directed.
    • If the doctor gave you a prescription medicine for pain, have your child take it as prescribed.
    • If your child is not taking a prescription pain medicine, ask your doctor about over-the-counter medicine.

To prevent pulled elbow:

  • Do not pull a child's straightened arm when playing or walking hand in hand.
  • Do not lift or swing a child by the hands or forearms.
  • Do not pull a child's arm through the arm of a top or sweater. Pull clothing over the arm.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • Your child has severe pain.
  • Your child cannot bend or straighten an arm or refuses to move it.
  • Your child is not getting better as expected.

Where can you learn more?

Go to

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Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.