Type 1 diabetes is a disease that develops when the body cannot make enough insulin. Insulin helps sugar (also called glucose) enter the body's cells to be used for energy. Without insulin, sugar and acids called ketones build up in the blood. Very high blood sugar and ketones can be life-threatening. Over time, high blood sugar can cause serious problems. These include diseases of the heart, large blood vessels, eyes, nerves, and kidneys.
Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition. To live a healthy life, your child needs insulin shots several times a day, a good diet, and exercise.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if your child:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if your child:
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor if your child:
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Current as of:
May 23, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
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Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.