Carotid stenosis is narrowing of one or both of the carotid arteries. These arteries take blood from the heart to the brain. There is one on each side of the neck.
A substance called plaque builds up inside an artery. This makes it too narrow. Plaque comes from damage to the artery over time. This damage may be caused by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or smoking. Sometimes plaque can break loose from the carotid artery and move to the brain. This can cause a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).
The goal of treatment is to lower your risk of having a stroke or TIA. You can lower your risk by making healthy lifestyle changes and taking medicine. Sometimes a surgery or procedure is done.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if you have any problems.
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Current as of: September 21, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Robert A. Kloner, MD, PhD - Cardiology
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