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A cystoscopy is a procedure that lets a doctor look inside your bladder and urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body.
The doctor uses a thin, lighted tool called a cystoscope. With this tool, the doctor can look for kidney or bladder stones. The doctor can also look for tumours, bleeding, or infection.
If you are in a clinic and you are awake, you may get gel to numb your urethra. This makes the procedure more comfortable. Then the doctor puts the cystoscope into your urethra and moves it into your bladder. Next, the doctor fills your bladder with liquid. This helps the doctor see better. It may cause you to feel pressure in your bladder area for a short time.
If you are in the hospital, you may get medicine to make you sleep during the procedure. While you are asleep, the doctor can take samples of tissue. These will be checked for cancer and other problems. This is called a biopsy. If you have a biopsy, you may have a small amount of blood in your urine for several days. You may also need a catheter. It's a tube that drains urine from your bladder. Your doctor will take it out at your follow-up visit.
Procedures can be stressful. This information will help you understand what you can expect if you will be having this done in a hospital. And it will help you safely prepare for your procedure.
If you are having a cystoscopy at your doctor's office, follow any instructions you are given. But if your procedure is being done at the hospital or surgery centre, here's how to prepare.
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Current as of: March 1, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Avery L. Seifert MD - Urology
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