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Lymphedema is a buildup of fluid in the soft tissues of the body. It can happen in the arm after breast cancer surgery to remove lymph nodes. If there are few or no lymph nodes, fluid can build up in the arm. It can also happen if the lymph system in an arm has been damaged. Infection, tumours, and scar tissue from radiation therapy to the armpit area also can cause fluid to build up.
You may be able to avoid lymphedema or keep it under control by following the tips below. Make sure that you take good care of the skin on your arm and hand. Your skin acts as a barrier to keep out bacteria and prevent infection. It is also important not to overuse the muscles in the arm. And don't expose your arm to very hot or cold temperatures.
Lymphedema can happen soon after breast cancer treatment. Or it may happen many years later. It may affect only part of your arm or hand. In some cases, it affects all of the arm. Make sure to follow these precautions even after you finish treatment. Do not ignore tightness or swelling in or around your arm or hand. You are less likely to have long-term problems if you get these symptoms treated right away.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
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Current as of: March 1, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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